Like knee and hip replacement surgery, ankle replacement is a viable alternative to help people get back on their feet after conservative treatment methods for arthritis have been exhausted.
Artificial ankle implants are more durable today than ever before. In the ankle joint replacement procedure, both sides of the ankle are removed and may be replaced with a specially designed prosthesis composed of plastic, titanium, and cobalt chromium alloy.
As you age, your ankles may develop osteoarthritis from wear and tear, rheumatoid arthritis, or arthritis resulting from a prior injury, such as a fracture or frequent sprains. Your ankle supports a force about five times that of your body weight when you walk. Normally, the cartilage in the ankle joint cushions the bones so that walking is painless, something we often take for granted. However, when this cartilage is destroyed or seriously damaged due to osteoarthritis or injury, the pain can be debilitating.
Ankle replacement surgery is an alternative to fusion. An ankle replacement is often more suitable for people under 50 who want to participate in high-impact physical activities.
On the other hand, ankle fusion is a good option if you don't participate in high-impact activities like skiing, basketball, and football. Ankle fusion restores the ability to perform normal, everyday activities.